Domenico Scarlatti

1685 (Naples, Italy) – 1757 (Madrid)

Alessandro Scarlatti was his father. Domenico Scarlatti met Cristofori in Florence. He is famously said to have competed against Handel in a trial of skill at the organ and harpsichord (it was declared an honourable draw: he continued to laud Handel’s technique). Seixas and Soler were met during the long period he lived in Portugal and Spain, Soler studying under Scarlatti. Corelli, Farinelli and Quantz were also met in Rome (though Farinelli’s long residence in Madrid later overlapped with Scarlatti’s).

Dizzy Gillespie

John Birks Gillespie

1917 (Cheraw, S. C.) – 1993 (Englewood, N. J.)

Gillespie met Parker through a Kansas City friend, and then in Hines’ band. They were close friends and immensely influential collaborators, though polar opposites as people, this leading to their eventual split. Eldridge, a formative influence as a trumpeter, played with him later in life. Christian was an early accomplice; Davis had been met in Eckstine’s band. Monk was an important musical colleague, the two trying things out together. Gillespie played in Hawkins’ band, producing some of the earliest bebop recordings. Roach was a key member of the Gillespie/Parker quintet, and with Mingus of a later Gillespie quintet.

Dizzy Gillespie knew…

Darius Milhaud

1892 (Aix-en-Provence, France) – 1974 (Geneva)

Lunel was a schoolmate. Milhaud met Honegger, Auric, Ibert and Tailleferre as a student in Paris, where Widor and d’Indy taught him. He was an attaché in Rio with his lifelong friend Claudel, and set some of his work to music. He collaborated with Léger, Cendrars and Lifar, was friends with Cocteau and (for life) with Poulenc, admired Schoenberg, another lasting friend, and helped sort through Satie’s jumble of possessions following his death. Poulenc, Durey, Honegger, Tailleferre and Auric were fellow-members of les Six, and Stockhausen, Reich, Xenakis, Brubeck, Glass, Subotnick and Bacharach among his students.

Christian Gottlob Neefe

1748 (Chemnitz, Saxony, now Germany) – 1798 (?Dessau)

Neefe followed Hiller as kapellmeister with a travelling theatre. He was the 12-year-old Beethoven’s first real teacher of music: they remained friends for many years. Reicha played alongside Neefe and Beethoven in Reicha’s uncle’s orchestra, and may also have been taught by Neefe.

Carl Czerny

1791 (Vienna) – 1857 (Vienna)

Czerny studied under Beethoven, Hummel, Salieri and Albrechtsberger. Chopin and he were admirers of each other’s work, and visited and corresponded frequently. Clementi was a colleague, and Thalberg, Liszt and Heller were among his pupils. Field visited him in Vienna, probably only once.

Arthur Honegger

1892 (Le Havre, France) – 1955 (Paris)

Widor and d’Indy taught him, with Milhaud and Ibert (a future collaborator) fellow-students. Poulenc, Milhaud, Auric, Durey and Tailleferre were fellow-members of les Six, Satie having a fatherly role, and Cocteau writing them a manifesto. Valéry, Cendrars, Jacob, Picasso, Apollinaire and Louÿs were all good friends, Cocteau and Claudel important literary collaborators. Gance commissioned scores from him, Stravinsky offered sage advice, and Xenakis was a student. Fauré liked the younger man and his music, while at a party for Ravel (they enjoyed a long warm friendship), Honegger once dressed up as a waiter.

Antonio Salieri

1750 (Legnano, Italy) – 1825 (Vienna)

Da Ponte wrote libretti for a number of Salieri’s operas. Beethoven, Czerny, Liszt, Hummel, Moscheles, Meyerbeer, Süssmayr and Schubert were all students of his – an exceptional list. Gluck was both patron and friend, and Metastasio an acquaintance. Fellow-composers in Vienna included Haydn and Mozart, who collaborated with Salieri on one piece (now lost). There is little evidence of the animosity popularly supposed to have characterised his relationship with Mozart; the fact that Mozart engaged him to teach his son may indeed happily suggest that it is a fiction.

Alexander Siloti

Alexander Ilyich Siloti;Aleksandr Ilyich Ziloti

1863 (nr. Kharkov, Ukraine) – 1945 (New York)

Liszt taught Siloti (one of those he taught for no payment, after taking holy orders), and nicknamed him ‘Silotissimus’ for his supreme pianistic skills. Siloti also studied with Tchaikovsky (and Rubinstein), and acted as Tchaikovsky’s editor. He himself taught his cousin Rachmaninoff, and was brother-in-law to Bakst. As a pianist, he accompanied Casals, while Schoenberg and Rimsky-Korsakov were guest-conductors in concerts he organised. Busoni found him more welcoming than others in Moscow musical society. Stravinsky, Glazunov, Liszt and Tchaikovsky all dedicated new pieces to him.

Alessandro Scarlatti

1660 (Palermo, Sicily) – 1725 (Naples)

Alessandro Scarlatti was Domenico Scarlatti’s father. Metastasio knew him, and the elder Scarlatti later set his words to music. Quantz and Hasse both came to study under him. Corelli was a colleague — both benefited from the same patronage, and seemed ready to lend each other professional assistance; Corelli certainly played Scarlatti’s music. Handel knew both in Rome, and was influenced by the two older composers.