Gertrude Stein

1874 (Allegheny, Pa.) – 1946 (Neuilly-sur-Seine, France)

James taught her psychology, and thought her an ideal student. She was first Picasso’s patron, then friend (he painted her portrait). She regularly visited Masson’s studio, helped Gris out financially, and supported Hemingway, who bit back when successful. Matisse, Apollinaire and Anderson were among others to attend her salon. Hugnet collaborated, but they fell out bitterly. Williams replied bluntly to her question about publication, Thomson set her words to music, Pound angered her by clumsily breaking her furniture, and Bowles asked for a contribution to a student magazine (later walking her “awful” dog).