Wilfredo Lam

1902 (Sagua la Grande, Cuba) – 1982 (Paris)

Picasso took Lam under his wing in Paris, introducing him to artists including Matisse, Léger and Miró. He sailed to Martinique to escape occupied France on the same boat as Breton, Lévi-Strauss, Brauner and Masson; interned on arrival, he was befriended by Césaire. He spent four months in Haiti with Breton (whose poem ‘Fata Morgana’ he illustrated), extending his knowledge of voodoo and other such practices. Kahlo and Rivera had him to stay in Mexico. En route to Paris after WWII, he met Matta, Gorky and Duchamp in New York. A long friendship with Jorn began after his return to France.