Adam Mickiewicz

1798 (nr. Nowogródek, Lithuania, now Belarus) – 1855 (Istanbul)

Sentenced to a long stay in Russia, he befriended many literati, most closely Pushkin, who translated some of his verse and introduced Glinka and Zhukovsky to him. Finally granted a passport to leave, he travelled through Europe before settling eventually in Paris. Along the way, he met Goethe in Weimar and Schlegel in Bonn, and Cooper and Thorvaldsen in Rome. Sand was prominent among his Paris friends (with Michelet, she attended his lectures at the Collège de France). Lamennais was another Paris friend, as was Chopin, who visited his fellow-invalid so he could play for him and soothe his nerves.