Thomas Jefferson

1743 (Shadwell, Va.) – 1826 (Charlottesville, Va.)

Small influentially taught Jefferson. Franklin, a great friend both before and after, spent nine months together with him in Paris. Jefferson sent Buffon, whom he’d visited in Paris, the rather worn skin and bones of a moose so he could have it stuffed (Buffon argued for the superiority of old-world species). Humboldt was a dear friend, spending several weeks with Jefferson, while Paine walked arm-in-arm with him on Washington streets. Paine and Priestley (both close friends) and Peale and Rittenhouse were important members of his literary and intellectual circle. Condorcet was among his other correspondents.